National Partnership for Women & Families

Journal Review

Review Assesses Effect of Intimate Partner Violence on Women's Contraceptive Use
In this review, researchers investigated the effect of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's use of contraception and found an association between IPV and a decline in women's contraceptive use. The authors also noted that women who experience IPV are less likely to report condom use with male partners, suggesting that HIV prevention programs should "consider women's experiences of IPV."

Study Compares Effects of Emergency Contraception Access via Call Center, Office Visit
In this study, researchers compare reproductive health outcomes of women who accessed emergency contraception via a call center with those of women who accessed EC via an office visit. They found that there is an "increased risk for unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in the subsequent 6-12 months among" both groups, indicating that "[i]nterventions to increase the initiation of effective, ongoing contraception" for such women "are needed."

Study Evaluates Research on Developing New Longer-Acting Injectable Contraceptives
In this study, researchers examine past and present initiatives to develop longer-acting injectable contraceptives and recommend which methods would be most likely to create a LAI that gains regulatory approval and reaches the market. They recommend that developers create a 6-month LAI with acceptable side-effects that can be self-administered or easily administered by non-physician medical professionals.

Study Assesses Relationship Between Reproductive Coercion, Pregnancy Behaviors
In this study, researchers examined "women's experiences with pregnancy-promoting behaviors by male partners," particularly among low-income and African American women, who are disproportionately likely to experience unintended pregnancies. The researchers found that reproductive coercion could be a factor contributing to disparities in the rate of unintended pregnancy.

Study Examines Effect of N.C. Mandatory Delay, Biased Counseling Law on State Providers
In this study, researchers examined how providers were affected by a 2011 North Carolina law (SL 2011-405) that requires women to undergo mandatory counseling at least 24 hours prior to receiving abortion care. They noted that, while proponents of the law said it aimed to bolster patient safety and knowledge, providers thought "its actual purpose was to discourage women from obtaining abortion by restricting access or providing misleading information."

Study: Providing No-Cost Contraceptive Implants Post-Abortion Reduces Future Abortion, Pregnancy Rates for at Least Two Years
In this study, researchers examined the effect of a long-acting levonorgestrel implant on pregnancy and abortion rates in New Zealand after the method became available at no-cost in the country in August 2010. The researchers found that receiving the LNG implant immediately after an abortion reduced pregnancy rates for a minimum of two years.

Study Outlines Strategies To Recruit, Retain Nurses for Abortion Care
A study based on interviews with registered nurses found that exposure to abortion care was integral to recruiting them into the field, while providing flexibility was integral for their retention. The researchers concluded that the study demonstrates "that a clear trajectory exists for development of expert nurses in abortion care provision," and they offered several recommendations on how to further promote such a trajectory.