National Partnership for Women & Families

Abortion: Parental Involvement | In the News

A number of state legislatures and organizations put barriers between women and abortion care by directly interfering with a woman's medical care. Parental Involvement laws interfere in young women’s access to abortion care by requiring them to notify their parent or obtain parental consent prior to obtaining an abortion or other necessary health service. Young women who cannot involve their parents in their abortion decision are required to go through a humiliating, complicated, and time consuming process that involves getting permission from a judge.

Lawsuit Challenges Changes to Ala. Parental Involvement Requirements
The American Civil Liberties Union on Wednesday filed a lawsuit challenging an Alabama law (HB 494) that modifies parental involvement requirements for minors seeking abortions, the AP/San Francisco Chronicle reports.

States Slow Pace of Antiabortion-Rights Legislation, But Restrictions Up Overall, Guttmacher Report Shows
States passed fewer abortion restrictions in the first half of this year compared with the same time period in any of the past three years, but state laws restricting abortion access continue to vastly outnumber those expanding access, according to a new report from the Guttmacher Institute, Vox reports.

Featured Blog
"Repro Wrap: An Abortion is not a Luxury Vehicle and Other News," (Marty, Care2, 9/6).

Decisions Mixed on Requests for Parental Notification Waivers in Fla. Appeals Court
A Florida appeals court in the past two weeks has decided two cases stemming from the state's 2004 constitutional amendment requiring parental notification before a minor can receive an abortion, News Service of Florida/WUSF News reports.

Ala. Bills Would Set Some of Nation's Harshest Abortion Restrictions
A package of Alabama bills would create some of the strictest abortion regulations in the nation, including a ban on abortions if a fetal heartbeat is detectable, the Huffington Post reports.

Ala. Antiabortion-Rights Bills Head to Gov.
The Alabama Senate this week approved two antiabortion-rights bills (HB 489, HB 494), but the chamber did not vote on two other House-approved abortion-related measures before the legislative session ended on Thursday, Reuters reports.

Ala. Antiabortion-Rights Bills Head to Gov.
The Alabama Senate this week approved two antiabortion-rights bills (HB 489, HB 494), but the chamber did not vote on two other House-approved abortion-related measures before the legislative session ended on Thursday, Reuters reports.

Mo. House Advances Parental Involvement Measure
he Missouri House on Tuesday passed a separate bill (HB 1192) that would require minors to notify both parents that they plan to have an abortion at least five days before the procedure, the AP/ABC News reports.

'Fetal Heartbeat' Abortion Ban, Other Restrictions Advance in Ala.
The Alabama House on Tuesday passed four antiabortion-rights measures, including a bill (HB 490) that would ban abortions if a fetal heartbeat can be detected, Reuters reports.

Ala. Bills Would Set Some of Nation's Harshest Abortion Restrictions
An Alabama House panel on Tuesday advanced a package of bills that would create some of the strictest abortion regulations in the nation, including a ban on abortions if a fetal heartbeat is detectable, the Huffington Post reports.

Mont. Can No Longer Defend Parental Involvement Laws, Judge Rules
A Montana judge ruled Friday that the state must drop its defense of two laws (LR 120, HB 391) that require parental involvement in minors' abortion decisions because the requirements were already struck down 15 years ago, the Missoulian reports.

GOP Resolution Urges Candidates To Tout Opposition to Abortion Rights
A new Republican National Committee resolution will urge GOP candidates to voice their opposition to abortion rights and challenge Democratic rhetoric portraying them as anti-women, CNN's "Political Ticker" reports.

After Ballot Defeat, N.M. Abortion-Rights Opponents Look to Legislature
Abortion-rights opponents in New Mexico plan to redirect their efforts toward the state Legislature after Albuquerque voters rejected a ballot measure that would have banned abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy, the Albuquerque Journal reports.

Calif. Approves Signature Collection for Parental Notification Initiative
California Secretary of State Debra Bowen this week gave permission for backers of a ballot initiative that would require doctors to notify parents when a minor seeks to have an abortion to begin collecting signatures to qualify for the November 2014 ballot, NBC Southern California reports.

Va. Gov. Candidates Spar Over Abortion-Rights Issues
In the Virginia governor's race, state Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli (R) and Democratic nominee Terry McAuliffe both are attempting to portray the other as an extremist on abortion-related issues, the AP/NBC4 Washington reports.

Neb. Supreme Court Denies Foster Child's Request To Waive Parental Consent To Obtain an Abortion
The Nebraska Supreme Court on Friday made its first ruling on the state's parental consent law, refusing to approve a 16-year-old foster child's request to obtain an abortion without receiving parental consent, the Omaha World-Herald reports.

Wis. Medication Abortion Law Tied to Increase in Surgical Abortions, Group Says
The number of surgical abortions in Wisconsin increased by 8% in 2012, while the overall number of abortions decreased, according to state records, the Appleton Post Crescent reports.

Featured Blogs
"Parental Notification: What to Do?" (K. Sujata, Huffington Post blogs, 8/13) and "Mississippi Supreme Court Dismisses Manslaughter Indictment in Stillbirth Case" (Jessica Mason Pieklo, RH Reality Check, 8/13).

Iowa Legislators Allow Ban on Telemedicine in Abortion Care To Proceed
The Iowa Board of Medicine is set to move forward with a proposal to ban the use of telemedicine as part of medication abortion care after a state legislative committee declined to intervene, Radio Iowa reports.

Ill. Supreme Court Upholds, Enforces Abortion Parent Notification Law
The Illinois Supreme Court on Thursday upheld the constitutionality of a 1995 state law requiring doctors to notify the parents of a girl under age 17 at least two days before performing an abortion, the Washington Post's "Post Politics" reports.

Mass. Committee Hears Testimony on Parental Consent Bill
The Massachusetts Public Health Committee on Tuesday heard testimony on a proposal to modify the state's parental consent law, State House News Service/Cape Cod Today reports.

Mont. Parental Involvement Laws Draw Court Challenge
Planned Parenthood of Montana on Thursday filed suit in a state district court against two laws (LR 120, HB 391) that require minors to involve their parents in abortion decisions, the AP/Great Falls Tribune reports.

Maine Legislature Rejects Parental Consent Measure
A Maine legislative committee on Friday rejected a bill (LD 1193) that would require the written consent of a parent or legal guardian before a minor or incapacitated individual could obtain an abortion, the Bangor Daily News reports.

La. House Advances Bill Defining Coercing of Minor's Abortion as Child Abuse
The Louisiana House on Monday unanimously approved a measure (HB 278) that would define coercing a minor into an abortion as an act of child abuse, the Houma Courier reports.

Okla. Gov. Approves Stricter Parental Consent Requirements
Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin (R) on Tuesday signed into law a bill (HB 1361) that makes the state's parental consent requirements more onerous for minors seeking abortions, AP/KRMG reports.

Okla. House Advances New Requirements for Parental Notification Law
The Oklahoma House on Tuesday approved a bill (HB 1361) that would tighten parental notification requirements for minors seeking abortions, the Tulsa World reports.

Mont. Parental Consent Bill Becomes Law After Gov. Declines To Act on It
Montana Gov. Steve Bullock (D) on Thursday allowed legislation (HB 391) requiring minors to obtain parental consent before abortions to become law without his signature, the AP/Montana Standard reports.

N.H. House Rejects Bill Requiring Waiting Period, Signed Consent Before Abortions
The New Hampshire House on Wednesday rejected a bill (HB 483) that would have required women to wait 24 hours before obtaining an abortion, the AP/Boston Globe reports.

Okla. House Approves Two Antiabortion Measures
The Oklahoma House on Tuesday approved two antiabortion-rights bills, related to the state's parental consent law, the AP/San Antonio Express-News reports.

Mont. House Approves Parental Consent Bill
The Montana House on Tuesday voted 59-41 in favor of legislation (HB 391) that would require written parental consent before a minor can obtain an abortion, the AP/Missoulian reports.

Okla. Panel Approves Changes to Parental Consent Law
The Oklahoma House Public Safety Committee on Tuesday voted 7-3 to approve two bills that would make it more difficult for a minor to obtain an abortion without parental consent, the AP/Atlanta Journal-Constitution reports.

Wash. Lawmakers Revise Parental Notification Bill After Concerns About Penalties
Republican lawmakers in Washington state on Monday altered a bill (SB 5156) that would have imposed penalties on physicians who performed abortions and redefined the procedure, the AP/Salem Statesman Journal reports.

Mont. Antiabortion Groups Push New Restrictions After Last Year's Ballot Victory
Bolstered by last year's approval of a parental notification ballot measure (LR 120), antiabortion-rights groups in Montana are pushing a bill (HB 104) that would criminalize the killing of a fetus, the AP/Bozeman Daily Chronicle reports.

New York Times Editorial, Columnist Weigh Election's Significance for Women's Health
The New York Times recently published an editorial and a column that discuss how Tuesday's election results relate to women's reproductive health issues. Summaries appear below.

Fla. Rejects Ballot Measure Barring Abortion Funding, Altering Privacy Rights
Florida voters on Tuesday defeated a ballot initiative (Amendment 6) that would have amended the state constitution to explicitly exclude a broader right to abortion than is protected under the U.S. Constitution and ban public funding for abortion in most cases, the AP/Palm Beach Post's "Election Center Blog" reports.

Mont. Voters Approve Parental Notification Ballot Measure
Montana voters on Tuesday approved a ballot measure (LR 120) that will require parental notification before a minor younger than 16 can obtain an abortion, the AP/Billings Gazette reports.

Mont. Ballot Measure Could Have 'Dangerous Consequences' for Teens, Letter States
A Montana ballot measure (LR 120) that would require parental notification before a minor can obtain an abortion "will endanger already vulnerable teens," Ryann Milne-Price, a reproductive health counselor in the state, writes in a letter to the editor of Missoulian.

Mont. Parental Notification Measure Would Endanger Teens, Opinion Piece Argues
Montana voters "must take the time to carefully consider just what is at stake" with a state ballot initiative (LR 120) that would require parental notification before minors can obtain abortion care, writes Stacey Anderson, director of public affairs at Planned Parenthood of Montana, in a Missoulian opinion piece.

Fla., Mont. Are 'Exceptions' to 'Paucity' of Women's Health Referendums This Year, Salon Piece States
No "personhood" measures are on state ballots this year, but initiatives Florida and Montana provide "exceptions to the relative paucity" of reproductive health-related referendums in this election, Irin Carmon writes in Salon.

Mont. Referendum Follows Failed Attempts at Enacting Parental Involvement Legislation
A Montana ballot measure (LR 120) that would require parental notification before minors can obtain abortion care comes after multiple failed attempts to enact the requirement by other means, The Missoulian reports.

Experts Warn About Privacy Implications of Proposed Fla. Antiabortion Amendment
Experts during a public forum last week discussed the implications of an initiative (Amendment 6) on Florida's November ballot that would ban public funding for most abortion care or coverage, Tampa Bay Newspapers reports.

Judge Upholds Constitutionality of Alaska Parental Notification Law
Alaska Superior Court Judge John Suddock on Monday upheld a state law requiring doctors to notify parents if a minor seeks an abortion, but he eliminated a provision related to civil liabilities for doctors and modified the judicial bypass requirements for minors who cannot involve their parents in their abortion decisions, the AP/Sacramento Bee reports.

Planned Parenthood Warns Against Mont. Parental Notification Ballot Measure
Planned Parenthood of Montana is pushing back against a state ballot initiative (LR 120) that would require parental notification at least 48 hours before minors ages 16 and younger can obtain abortion care, NBC Montana reports.

Mont. Voters To Decide on Parental Notification Measure in Nov.
Montana voters next month will consider a ballot initiative (LR 120) that would require parental notification before minors can obtain abortion care, the Columbia Falls Hungry Horse News reports.

Ind. Woman Arrested for Helping Minor Obtain Abortion
An Indiana woman on Friday was arrested for helping a 15-year-old obtain an abortion in Illinois without her guardians' consent, the AP/San Francisco Chronicle reports.

Latest Attempts at Calif. Parental Notification Ballot Measure Fail To Qualify
Since last fall, four attempts to qualify a California ballot initiative that would require notification of a minor's parents before an abortion have failed, the San Diego City Beat reports.

House Bill Calls for Additional Restrictions on Abortion in D.C.
Rep. Justin Amash (R-Mich.) last week announced plans to introduce a bill that would restrict abortion rights in D.C., The Hill reports.

Ala. House Approves Bills on Abortion Coverage, Clinics Standards
The Alabama House on Tuesday approved a bill that would allow the state to restrict insurance coverage of abortion in certain health plans, sending the measure to Gov. Robert Bentley (R), the AP/Gadsden Times reports.

Okla. Gov. Fallin Signs Bill Allowing Lawsuits Against Abortion Providers
Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin (R) on Tuesday signed into law a bill (HB 2561) permitting lawsuits against abortion providers -- including any doctor who prescribes medication abortion drugs -- who do not follow the state's voluntary and informed consent laws, The Oklahoman reports.

Okla. House Approves Bill Allowing Lawsuits Against Abortion Providers, Sends to Gov. Fallin
The Oklahoma House on Wednesday voted 89-0 to approve a bill (HB 2561) that would allow women to file lawsuits against abortion providers and anyone who prescribes abortion-inducing drugs if they violate state abortion law, the AP/Wichita Falls Times Record News reports.

N.H. Senate Advances Bill Revising Judicial Bypass Process Under Parental Notification Law
The New Hampshire Senate on Wednesday voted 16-8 to approve a House-passed bill (HB 1723) that would modify a law requiring the notification of a parent or guardian before a minor receives abortion care, the AP/Portsmouth Herald reports.

Fla. Ballot Measure Would Strengthen Ban on Public Funding for Abortion, Pave Way for Parental Consent
An amendment on Florida's November ballot would enact a state constitutional ban on public funding for abortion to make it harder to repeal existing state and federal bans on the funding, the Orlando Sentinel reports.

Ariz. Gov. Brewer Signs Sweeping Antiabortion Bill That Includes 20-Week Ban, Medication Abortion Restrictions
Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer (R) on Thursday signed into law a bill (HB 2036) that includes several abortion restrictions, including a ban on the procedure after 20 weeks of gestation in nearly all cases and other limits on abortion, Reuters reports.

Maine House Rejects Four Antiabortion-Rights Bills
The Maine House on Tuesday rejected four bills aiming to restrict abortion access, including measures related to waiting periods, pre-abortion counseling, parental consent and crimes against pregnant women, the AP/Boston Globe reports.

Senate Bill Would Require Parental Notification, Waiting Period Before Abortion Care for Minors
On Monday, Sen. John Boozman (R-Ark.) and five Republican co-sponsors introduced a bill (S 1005) that would require abortion providers to notify parents by certified mail if their minor daughter seeks an abortion, The Hill's "Floor Action Blog" reports.

Del. Rejects Parental Consent Bill
Delaware lawmakers on Wednesday rejected a bill (HB 80) that would require consent from at least one parent before a teen younger than age 18 could receive an abortion, unless there is a medical emergency, the AP/MSNBC reports.

Maine House Panel Considers Three Abortion-Related Bills
The Maine House Judiciary Committee on Tuesday held hearings on three antiabortion-rights bills under consideration by the state's first Republican-led Legislature in decades, the AP/Washington Examiner reports.

Abortion: Parental Involvement | In the Courts

This section provides a brief overview of significant cases impacting reproductive rights and health related to Abortion: Parental Involvement.

Reproductive Health Services v. Strange
Federal court challenge to an Alabama law that expands the state's judicial bypass provisions of the existing parental notification law.

Planned Parenthood of Montana v. State
Challenge to two Montana laws, the Parental Notice of Abortion Act of 2011 and the Parental Consent for Abortion Act of 2013.

Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest v. Alaska
Challenge to Alaska's parental involvement law, which requires notification of a young woman's parent at least 48 hours before an abortion.

Hope Clinic v. Adams
Challenge to a 1995 Illinois law that requires a doctor to notify a parent, grandparent, or other custodial adult at least 48 hours prior to a minor's abortion.