September 25, 2015 — In today's graphics, we look at how defunding Planned Parenthood would reduce women's access to care across the country. We also see how medication abortion access varies from state to state.
Planned Parenthood Critical Provider of Reproductive Health Care
The Guttmacher Institute in this infographic counters antiabortion-rights claims that alternative providers could cover any gaps in health care services if Planned Parenthood is defunded.
Guttmacher noted, "In two-thirds of the 491 counties in which they are located, Planned Parenthood health centers serve at least half of all women obtaining contraceptive care from safety-net health centers." Further, Planned Parenthood is the sole safety-net provider of family planning services "[i]n one-fifth of counties in which [it] is located." Guttmacher also found that "the average Planned Parenthood health center serves significantly more contraceptive clients each year than do safety-net centers run by other types of providers," which means that the organization "serve[s] a greater share of safety-net contraceptive clients than any other type of provider" (Guttmacher Institute, 9/8).
Medication Abortion Access, State by State
This map marks the 15th anniversary of medication abortion's FDA approval by detailing certain restrictions on the drugs across the country. According to Buzzfeed News, lawmakers in 38 states have passed these medication abortion restrictions. These laws include restrictions on what type of medical provider can administer medication abortion and whether a physician must be physically present to administer the drugs to the patient (Vergano, Buzzfeed News, 9/17).
Uninsured Rate Declines Among Reproductive-Age Women
In this infographic, the Guttmacher Institute shows how the proportion of uninsured reproductive-age women in the U.S. declined from 17.9% in 2013 to 13.9% in 2014, the first year in which the Affordable Care Act was implemented fully.
Although disparities remain, Guttmacher noted that Medicaid coverage among women ages 15 to 44 increased from 17.2% to 20.2% between 2013 and 2014, and uninsurance rates among women living below the federal poverty level decreased from 32.1% in 2013 to 25.6% in 2014. According to Guttmacher, the increased insurance rates have implications for "sexual and reproductive health care in particular," including declines in out-of-pocket costs for intrauterine devices and for oral contraception, as well as a greater proportion of visits at safety net family planning providers being covered by insurance (Guttmacher Institute, 9/22).