July 22, 2014 — The annual rate of new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. fell by about 33% between 2002 and 2011, according to a new report published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Reuters reports. The report found declines in new diagnoses in all demographic groups except among men who have sex with men (Simpson, Reuters, 7/19).
For the report, researchers examined data from CDC's National HIV Surveillance System. They looked at all HIV diagnoses among U.S. residents ages 13 and older between 2002 and 2011. In total, 493,372 U.S. residents were diagnosed with HIV during that time period.
The researchers found that there were 24.1 diagnoses per 100,000 people in 2002, compared with 16.1 in 2011, amounting to a drop of about 4% per year. In addition, the researchers found that rates dropped for both men and women. Specifically, new diagnoses dropped by 49.2% among women and by 27.1% among men (Smith, MedPage Today, 7/20).
In addition, the study found that new diagnoses dropped as testing increased. According to CDC data, the percentage of U.S. adults tested for HIV rose from 37% in 2000 to 45% in 2010 (Stobbe, Sacramento Bee, 7/19). The decline also followed increased focus on HIV care and treatment, including antiretroviral therapy, according to the report (Reuters, 7/19).